Perimenopause begins as oestrogen levels deplete. Oestrogen is the main female hormone produced by the ovaries and is vital for reproduction. This change begins a when woman is in her late 30’s or 40’s and can last up to four years, depending on the individual.
During perimenopause, oestrogen levels can spike unexpectedly or decline more than usual during the normal 28-day cycle, causing irregular periods and uncomfortable symptoms.
As perimenopause comes to an end, your body produces much less oestrogen. You may begin to experience more pronounced symptoms of menopause. Perimenopause ends when you have not had a menstrual cycle in 12 months.
Symptoms of perimenopause may include:
To relieve these symptoms, your doctor can offer you Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) to restore hormonal balance of progesterone and oestrogen. Each treatment varies depending on your unique symptoms and needs.
Symptoms of perimenopause can present themselves as hot flashes, insomnia, irregular menstrual periods, vaginal dryness and discomfort, skin changes, mood changes, depression, anxiety and loss of libido.
Perimenopause cannot be prevented but symptoms can be lessened by maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, little to no alcohol consumption, regular exercise, adequate calcium intake and not smoking cigarettes.
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